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About SEM-Volume Weighted Average Price (SEM-VWAP) Index

 
 

The SEM Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) index is an index of volume weighted average prices of all listed and traded ordinary shares of listed companies included in the SEM All Share Index (SEM-ASI). On 12th September 2016, the SEM Volume Weighted Average Price (SEM-VWAP) index started at the same level of the SEMDEX on 9th September 2016.

Calculation


The VWAP of a security is calculated by dividing the total value of trades by its total volume over a given period of time during the trading session, traded on the Normal Board.


VWAP is calculated using the following formula:

 

 


Where:

= Volume Weighted Average Price

= price of trade j

= quantity of trade j

= defined period of time

The VWAP is rounded to two decimal places.
 
The Index formula is as follows:

 
 
Where, the market value of shares of a listed company is equal total number of ordinary shares issued times its volume weighted average price.


The conversion rate applied to convert foreign currencies in MUR will be the CDS Conversion Rate (CCR) of the trade day as defined under section 7.7.1 of CDS Procedures.


Eligible Shares
 
To be eligible for inclusion in SEM-VWAP index, a company must be incorporated in Mauritius or in an acceptable foreign jurisdiction and must meet the SEM’s free-float requirements as defined in the listing rules of the Official Market.
 
Only companies which meet all of the following free-float requirements will be included in the index:

 
1.    Number of shareholders ----   200

2.    Market capitalisation of MUR 20 Million

3.    Percentage held in public  hands

 

• 
25%.

15%, if the company undertakes to increase its shareholding to 20% by the 3rd year and 25% by the 5th year
• 
10%, if the company has market capitalisation greater than MUR 2 Billion and undertakes to increase its shareholding
to 20% by the 3rd year and 25% by the 5th year

 

Divisor adjustments:

The key to the maintenance of the SEM-ASI is the adjustment of the divisor.  Index maintenance, reflecting changes in shares outstanding, corporate actions, additional or removal of stocks to the index, should not change the level of SEM-ASI.  Any change to the constituents of SEM-ASI that alters the value of the index, while holding stock prices of the constituents constant, will require a divisor adjustment.


 

      = Divisor level Post corporate action
 = Divisor level prior to corporate action
          = total market value post corporate action
       = total market capitalisation prior to corporate action


Corporate action related changes: There is a large range of corporate action ranging from routine share issuances or buy backs to more complex events like spin-offs or mergers.  Some of these changes are listed below with notes about whether the divisor is adjusted.


Company added/deleted

Net change in market value determines the divisor adjustment.

Yes

Change in shares outstanding

Any combination of secondary issuance, share repurchase or buy back – share counts revised to reflect change.

Yes

Stock split

Share count revised to reflect new count. Divisor adjustment is not required since the share count and price changes are offsetting.

No

Spin-off

If the spun-off company is not being added to the index, the divisor adjustment reflects the decline in index market value (i.e., the value of the spun-off unit).

Yes

Spin-off

Spun-off company added to the index, no company removed from the index.

No

Spin off

Spun-off company added to the index, another company removed to keep number of name fixed. Divisor adjustment reflects deletion.

Yes

Special Dividend

When a company pays a special dividend the share price is assumed to drop by the amount of the dividend; the divisor adjustment reflects this drop in index market value.

Yes

Rights offering

Each shareholder receives the right to buy a proportional number of additional shares at a set (often discounted) price. The calculation assumes that the offering is fully subscribed. Divisor adjustment reflects increase in market cap measured as the shares issued multiplied by the price paid.

Yes


New Shares
 
If a constituent issued new shares in the current period which were not present in the previous period, the index algorithm adds newly issued capitalisation from total capitalisation in the current period.
A cancellation of shares by a constituent is treated as a negative new issue. Shares created by the conversion of other securities are treated as new issues.

 
Rights Issues
 
When shares begin trading ex-rights, the theoretical share price falls by the intrinsic value of the rights. Because the SEM-VWAP index follows only the shares and not the rights, which may be traded separately, an adjustment is needed to prevent the index from dropping. The method is similar to that of a new issue. In both cases, the theoretical price is the weighted price of the shares at the instant after the change.
 

Dividend In Specie
 
Dividend in specie (in kind) means dividends not paid in cash. Such dividends are paid out in the form of assets / securities of companies owned by the issuer and are in a given amount.
 

Bonus Issues, Stock Splits and Reverse Splits
 
The number of shares created by the bonus issue or stock split is used to adjust the shares outstanding at the ex-bonus/split date. Similarly, a reverse split is recorded as a negative stock split while reducing the shares outstanding by the amount of the negative split. In the case of stock splits, as prices drop by the split ratio, total capitalisation does not change at the time of the split and no adjustment to the SEM-VWAP index is needed. Stock dividends, also known as bonus issues, have the same effect as splits and no adjustment to the SEM-VWAP index is therefore needed.

 
Cash Dividends
 
Cash dividends can affect share prices, but the industry norm is not to make any adjustment for such dividends in the SEM-VWAP Index. Cash dividends on a per share basis are recorded at the ex-dividend date, using gross cash dividends.

 
Suspension of Dealing
 
In the event that a security is suspended, the constituent may remain in the SEM-VWAP index, at the price at which it is suspended, until suspension of dealing is removed.

 
Amalgamation (Merger), Restructuring or Takeovers
 
If an amalgamation (merger), Restructuring or Takeovers results in one security being absorbed by another constituent, the resulting company shall remain a constituent of the SEM-VWAP index.
 
If a constituent company is taken over or absorbed by a non-constituent company, the original constituent shall be removed.

 
Adjustments for Corporate Actions
 
On Cum-date following close of Market the VWAP price of the security is adjusted to account for the Corporate Actions: Dividends, Rights Issue, Bonus Issue, Share Split, Dividends in Specie.

 
Dividends
 
Ex Dividend Ref Price = Cum Dividend Price – Amount of Dividend

 
Rights Issue
 
Ex-Rights Ref Price =


 
Bonus Issue
 
Ex-Bonus Ref Price =
 
                                  Cum-Bonus Price x Number of shares held as per ratio of Bonus Issue
                         Number of Shares held + Number of new shares receivable (as per ratio of Bonus Issue)


 
Share Split
 
Ex-Share Split Ref Price =     
                                              Cum-Share Split Price
                                                      Split factor
 
Dividend in Specie
 
Ex-Dividend in Specie Ref Price = Cum-Dividend in Specie Price – amount of Dividend in Specie
 
 
Increase in Share Capital.
 
Ex Ref Price = (Cum Share Price x No of Shares in Issue) + (New Shares x Issue Price)
                                         No of shares in Issue + No of New Shares


 
Decrease in Share Capital
 
Ex Ref Price = Cum Share Price x No of Shares in Issue
                      No of Shares in Issue – Shares Cancelled


Determination of Right Price
 
Right price = Price of Security before trade date of Rights – Issue Price per share

 
Partly Paid Share
 
Partly Paid Share Price = Price of Security before trade date of partly paid share – Amount of call payment
 
Any other adjustment to the price of a security in respect of entitlements not mentioned above will be carried out based on international practice and standards and the market will be informed accordingly.